Deep Frontier

  • Challenging one last frontier: Understanding and improving deep rooting 

Enhance food production in a sustainable way

How are we going to feed the world now and in the future? A profound change of the global food and agricultural system is needed, if we are to nourish today’s 795 million hungry and the additional 2 billion people expected by 2050 (source: FAO).

Most of the valuable arable land in the world is already in use and for various reasons we cannot expand agricultural land into new areas. We therefore have to think differently. The Deep Frontier project is addressing this challenge and is moving into areas where science has hardly gone before.

While current agricultural cropping systems have limited exploitation of water and nutrients below 1 meters of soil depth, some plant species can grow much deeper root systems. Crops with deeper roots can allow us to exploit unused nutrients and water from deep soil layers hereby increase the sustainability of cropping systems. Deep Frontier intend to develop such systems and to study their resource use, biological effects and carbon sequestration in soil layers down to 5 meters depth.

Unique research facilities 
During the initial stages of the project, Deep Frontier has established unique research facilities at the research station Højbakkegaard located about 25 km west of Copenhagen, Denmark. 

The Deep Frontier project is funded by the Villum Foundation and is carried out by:





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